Periodontology is a specialty in dentistry comprising the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of pathologies of the gums, also known as periodontic diseases.
These infections damage gum tissue near the teeth as a result of the mineralisation of the bacterial coat.
The most significant pathologies of the gums are gingivitis and periodontal disease. The former is an inflammation of the gums due to a prolific bacterial coat. It is treatable but unless it is caught early enough it can lead to periodontal disease, an irreversible condition.
Periodontitis represents a progression of gingivitis. As the name implies, it affects the periodontium. This is the system of tissues supporting the tooth: the gums, the periodontal ligament, the jaw bone and the cementum. Therefore, advanced periodonitis can cause teeth to fall out because they have lost their support.
Some of the possible origins of gum disease are:
You have to acquire several key habits in order to avoid periodontitis. Some of these are:
Maintain a healthful diet to protect your teeth and mouth. Avoid very sugary and very acidic foodstuffs as these encourage the growth of the bacterial coat.
Visit your dentist at least twice a year. Regular check-ups let us catch gum disease early so its progress can be slowed before it is too late.
Some of the most common symptoms are:
Some of the most common treatments are:
Whether you want to prevent gum disease or are already suffering, you should turn to our dental clinic in Puerto de la Cruz (Tenerife). We look forward to meeting you!
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